Boris Johnson, the UK prime minister, announced on Thursday that he would be stepping down as leader of the ruling Conservatives in the face of a torrent of resignations by ministers and mounting pressure from within the party.
For now he is still prime minister, but his resignation triggers a contest to replace him as head of the Conservative party. The winner will become both party leader and prime minister, without the need for a national election.
Johnson had faced increasing calls to go, after claims he lied about the circumstances in which he gave a key role to an ally who was forced to quit last month over accusations he had groped men.
Johnson’s premiership has been embroiled in months of turmoil – last month he survived a vote of confidence among Conservative MPs – but the prime minister’s undoing was ultimately prompted by the scandal surrounding one of their number.
What has caused the crisis to erupt?
Chris Pincher was appointed by Johnson as deputy chief whip, a senior role involved in maintaining discipline among fellow Conservative MPs. He resigned last weekend after being accused by two men of drunkenly groping them at a private members’ club in London. Johnson had promoted Pincher in February to the position which comes with pastoral care responsibilities for colleagues.
The prime minister declined to suspend Pincher from the party. Pressure began to build after four more allegations were reported in the Sunday papers, including accusations that he had groped two Conservative MPs. Pincher has denied the allegations.
Johnson apologised, earlier this week, after it emerged that he had been briefed that Pincher was the subject of previous sexual misconduct complaints before he appointed him. The prime minister said he had forgotten.
What was the political background to Johnson’s downfall?
MPs, annoyed by the latest instance of Johnson’s erratic relationship with the truth, have been eager to oust a leader many now regarded as an electoral liability. Earlier this year Johnson was forced to apologise, after being found over illegal parties held at his official residence, 10 Downing Street, at a time when Covid-19 restrictions were in place.
Johnson led the Conservatives to win a landslide general election in 2019 over the opposition Labor party on a platform of finally realizing Britain’s departure from the European Union. However, he has been blamed for a haemorrhaging of support among voters, and the party lost seats in recent byelections – including in some Conservative heartlands – brought about by resignations of MPs.
The government is facing political challenges, including rising inflation, a relatively resurgent Labor party under new leadership, and a renewed attempt by the Scottish National party (SNP) to push for a referendum on independence for Scotland.
What has been the role of members of Johnson’s own government?
The potentially fatal blows were delivered on Tuesday when the finance and health ministers resigned as Johnson attempted to limit the damage from the Pincher scandal.
Other resignations followed, turning into a flood that left question marks over whether Johnson would be able to find replacements of sufficient caliber, while a Rubicon was crossed when other ministers still in post called for him to go.
Those pressing for his departure included MPs who had previously been among Johnson’s most loyal supporters, and the new finance minister appointed only the day before.
What happens next?
For now at least, Johnson is still the British prime minister. In his announcement on Thursday he blamed a “herd instinct” for his departure and said he would stay on until a new leader of his party was in place.
A contest to select a new party leader – who will become prime minister – could be concluded as soon as two weeks from now. But some Conservative MPs say Johnson should be replaced immediately rather than be allowed to remain as a caretaker leader until his successor is found. One scenario could see Dominic Raab, the deputy prime minister, step into the role of caretaker.
Robert Buckland, the new secretary of the state for Wales, has reportedly suggested that a freshly formed cabinet will block Johnson if he tries to make major policy moves in the coming weeks.
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